Philippine Medicinal Plants And Their Uses Pdf
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This chapter focuses on reviewing publications on medicinal plants used in the treatment of common diseases such as malaria, cholera, pneumonia, tuberculosis and asthma. Traditional medicine is still recognized as the preferred primary health care system in many rural communities, due to a number of reasons including affordability and effectiveness. The review concentrated on current literature on medicinal plants, highlighting on information about ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacology.
The search for publications on medicinal plants with scientifically proven efficacy was carried out using electronic databases such as Science Direct, Google Scholar, SciFinder and PubMed. In all, about 46 species of different families with potent biological and pharmacological activities were reviewed. All the plants reviewed exhibited potent activity confirming their various traditional uses and their ability to treat prevalent diseases.
Pharmacognosy - Medicinal Plants. This is due to a number of reasons including affordability, accessibility and low cost [ 2 ]. The use of plants to cure several kinds of human diseases has a long history. Various parts of plants such as leaf, stem, bark, root, etc. However, most of the pharmaceutical products currently dispensed by physicians have a long history of use as herbal remedies, including opium, aspirin, digitalis and quinine.
The search for, and use of drugs and dietary supplements obtained from plants have increased in recent years. Scientist such as pharmacologists, microbiologists, botanists, and phytochemists are combing the Earth for phytochemicals and clues that could be developed into medicines for various diseases treatment. It is endemic in about developing countries, leading to about 1. A wide range of medicinal plants is employed for the treatment of malaria, since majority of the people who get infected cannot afford the existing expensive orthodox medicines [ 7 ].
The problem of resistance to existing antimalarial agents by parasite has necessitated the search for new and potent agents, and the focus of researchers is on natural products especially medicinal plants since active compounds like quinine and artemisinin were isolated from plants and have been lead compounds for antimalarial drug development [ 8 , 9 ].
Various medicinal plants have been investigated for their anti-malarial activity and some with demonstrated potent in vitro activity have been reviewed below. It is a twining and scrambling thin-stemmed shrub, indigenous to Africa, with much ethno-medicinal importance and interest in the West African sub-region [ 11 ]. It is used traditionally for the treatment of malaria, upper respiratory and urinary tract infections, diarrhea, hypertension and as cicatrizant of wounds [ 12 , 13 ].
The ethanolic and aqueous extracts of C. The ethanolic roots and leaves extracts showed potent activity with IC 50 of 0. While the aqueous roots and leaves extracts had IC 50 of 2.
Evaluating the clinical efficacy of a tea bag formulation of the root of C. By Day 3, all presenting symptoms such as fever, chills, nausea and vomiting were completely no more. The overall cure rate when one tea bag of C. In traditional medicine, various parts of the plant is used to treat malaria, yellow fever, pile, stomach ulcer, wounds and other infections [ 17 , 18 ]. The ethanolic stem bark extract also showed an in vitro antimalarial activity against chloroquine-resistant strains of P.
An in vitro anti-plasmodial assay revealed that, the ethanolic extract of E. It is commonly known as Indian gooseberry, rich in vitamin C, minerals and amino acids which helps to build up lost vitality and vigor [ 23 , 24 ].
Various parts of the plant is used traditionally for the treatment of diarrhea, inflammation, diabetes, jaundice, cough, asthma, peptic ulcer, skin diseases, leprosy, intermittent fevers, headache, anemia, dizziness, snakebite and scorpion-sting [ 25 ].
Also the ethyl acetate leaf extract showed activity with IC 50 of 7. Eugenia caryophyllata , an ancient and valuable spice is a member of the family Myrtaceae and is commonly known as clove.
It is mostly used as a spice to flavor all kinds of foods and has other medicinal values including anthelmintic, anti-asthma and other allergic disorders, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiviral and anti-parasitic properties [ 27 ]. It occurs naturally in tropical and subtropical parts of Southeast Asia. Eichler, Salicaceae is an evergreen shrub or small tree with long, slender branches and a very dense globose crown. It has been employed in traditional medicine for treating snake bites, wounds, inflammation, fevers, gastric ulcers and diarrhea [ 29 ].
The hexane extracts of C. The tree serves as source of tannins and wood locally, and in traditional medicine as diuretic, stimulant, expectorant, natural surfactant, sedative and for treating stomach-ache and dermatitis [ 31 ].
It is native to Cerrado vegetation in Brazil. It usually grows in large clusters, forming a homogeneous mass. It is a species characteristic of swamp forest, and does not grow in the driest places.
It is used as a condiment in food, a carminative and aphrodisiac in traditional medicine [ 32 ]. It is a medium-sized tree with long, hanging branches that can make the crown look like a Christmas tree. Leaves are alternate, narrow, pointed, in a flat plane and arranged regularly along the branches. It is a common roadside and farmland species of the Pacific slope, not in the forest [ 33 ].
Traditionally, it is employed in the treatment of fever [ 33 ]. The in vitro antiplasmodial study of the ethanol extract revealed an effective activity against P. Juss is commonly known as neem tree or Indian lilac and belongs to the mahogany family Meliaceae.
It is typically grown in tropical and semi-tropical regions. Neem is effective against certain fungi that infect humans and hence used to treat skin diseases like eczema, psoriasis [ 34 ]. The methanolic stem bark extract inhibited chloroquine resistant P. Traditionally, it is an anti-inflammatory herbal drug and is useful in treating toothaches [ 36 ]. The stem bark methanol extract showed anti-plasmodial activity with IC 50 of 3.
Cholera is an acute intestinal disease caused by a facultative anaerobic, Gram-negative, comma-shaped rod bacterium, known as V. Cholera is a life threatening disease transmitted by the fecal-oral route. The organisms adhere to and colonize the small bowel within a short incubation period, where they secrete cholera enterotoxin leading to severe and watery diarrhea accompanied with vomiting, dehydration and eventually death if not treated promptly [ 37 ].
Various antibiotics have been effective for the treatment of cholera; however, the worldwide problem of microbial resistance to existing antimicrobial medicines has led to most antibiotic failure. Researchers are therefore shifting their focus to natural products, especially medicinal plant, with effective antimicrobial properties. Some medicinal plants with potent anti-cholera activity are reviewed below.
It leaves are oval, alternate to subopposite in arrangement and is a native to South Asia, from India and Nepal east to southwest China, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Vietnam.
Traditionally, it has been used for treatment of indigestion, diarrhea and diabetes [ 38 ]. The plant extract used to treat Cholera worked effectively against the strains of V. The methanol fruit extract of T.
Skeels Myrtaceae , known as Jam is an evergreen tropical tree, native to the Indian Subcontinent, adjoining regions of Southeast Asia, China and Queensland. The leaves are pinkish when young, and changes to dark green with a yellow midrib as they mature [ 40 ]. The seeds have traditionally been used to treat diarrhea, dysentery, piles, indigestion and diabetes. The original plant specimen came from Java. Some traditional uses of the plant include treatment of dyspepsia, fever, burning sensation, colic, ulcers, menorrhagia, leucorrhoea, pimples [ 42 ].
Common names include flame-of-the-forest and bastard teak. Its flowers are used in traditional medicine for the treatment of ulcer, inflammation, hepatic disorder and eye diseases [ 43 ]. It is native to South America but it can be found on most continents as an introduced species and often a weed. This is an annual herb forming a mat of prostrate stems [ 44 ]. Purified bioactive fraction of aqueous extract of E. Vachellia farnesiana , also known as A. Willd, commonly known as sweet acacia or needle bush, is a species of shrub or small tree in the legume family, Fabaceae.
The species grows to a height of 4. The bark methanolic extract revealed a potent bactericidal activity against two strains of V. White sagebrush of the family Asteraceae is native to North America where it is widespread across most of the United States, Canada and Mexico. It is a rhizomatous perennial plant growing to height of 0. Medicinally, it is used for dermatological purposes and for treating cold [ 48 ]. The anti-cholera activity of the methanol whole plant extract was effective and bactericidal against O AI and O1 B V.
The minimum bactericidal concentrations against the two strains were 0. Basil Lamiaceae can be found in Tropical Asia. It is a perennial growing up to 0. Medicinally it is used for the treatment of fever, colds, influenza, poor digestion, nausea, abdominal cramps, gastro-enteritis, migraine, insomnia, depression and exhaustion [ 49 ]. The methanol whole plant extract exhibited a bactericidal activity against V. It is commonly known as prickly pear or Nopal cactus. It originated from Mexico and cultivated in other parts of the world including Mediterranean Basin, Middle East and northern Africa [ 50 ].
Apocynaceae commonly known in India as Henna is a flowering plant and the sole species of the genus Lawsonia. It is a tall shrub or small tree, standing 1. The henna plant is native to northern Africa, western and southern Asia, northern Australia, and thrives well in semi-arid zones and tropical areas.
It is useful medicinally for burning sensation, leprosy, skin diseases, amenorrhoea, and dysmenorrhea and as abortifacient [ 51 ]. The ethanolic leaf extract exhibited an in vitro anti-vibrio activity with MICs ranging from 2.
Tuberculosis TB is an airborne infectious disease which does not only affect the lungs but also other parts of the body such as the brain and spine [ 52 ]. The main cause of TB is Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Other M. The predominant symptoms of active TB are fever, night sweat, weight loss and chronic cough with blood containing sputum.
However, most TB infections are latent which may progress into active disease if left untreated [ 52 ]. Treatment of TB is very tedious and requires a long course with multiple antibiotics involved.
philippine herbal plants and their uses pdf
Published by Published and exclusively distributed by Anvil Pub. Written in English. This is an alphabetical list of plants used in herbalism.. The ability to synthesize a wide variety of chemical compounds that are possibly used to perform important biological functions, and to defend against attack from predators such as insects, fungi and herbivorous mammals is called herbal medicine. It is used in Chinese medicine to harmonize all the other medicinal herbs that goes into a formula. The herb has been used in Chinese medicine for years as a tonic for enhancing immunity of human body, metabolism rate and digestion.
The cultivation and use of plants as medicines in the Philippines dates back to pre-Spanish times. Although there are no published records of the plants used.
scientific name of herbal plants in the philippines
It is the use of plants for medicinal purposes, and the study of such uses. Tanglad lemon grass is used for herbal teas and herbal soaps. Cassia alata; Cassia alata is another flowering plant in the list of herbal plants found in the Philippines and some parts of Asia region. Life style, emotional,
Ampalaya scientific name: Momordica charantia - Even in this modern times where information and advanced science has greatly progressed, traditional medicine still enjoys a large following most especially in rural areas. It is a succulent plant used to treat Bawang scientific name: Allium sativum - Medicinal plants have been used for treatment since ancient times and are still in use all over the world. Its medicinal use … Dried pounded flowers are used to treat inflammation, wound, snakebites, and dysmenorrhea. It is taken internally for various aliments like diabetes to high blood pressure.
This chapter focuses on reviewing publications on medicinal plants used in the treatment of common diseases such as malaria, cholera, pneumonia, tuberculosis and asthma.
Home News philippine herbal plants and their uses pdf. Download this image for free in High-Definition resolution the choice "download button" below. Herbal medicines has gained a wide acceptance and popularity among Filipinos in providing basic medical care.
Here are some common medicinal herbs. Most herbs have not been completely tested to see how well they work or to see if they interact with other herbs, supplements, medicines, or foods. Products added to herbal preparations may also cause interactions. Considered by some to be a cure-all, chamomile is commonly used in the U.