difference between west and east african countries literature pdf

Difference Between West And East African Countries Literature Pdf

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While the presence of Islam in West Africa dates back to eighth century, the spread of the faith in regions that are now the modern states of Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Niger, Mali and Nigeria, was in actuality, a gradual and complex process. Much of what we know about the early history of West Africa comes from medieval accounts written by Arab and North African geographers and historians.

African Historiography and the Challenges of European Periodization: A Historical Comment

African literature , the body of traditional oral and written literatures in Afro-Asiatic and African languages together with works written by Africans in European languages. Traditional written literature, which is limited to a smaller geographic area than is oral literature , is most characteristic of those sub-Saharan cultures that have participated in the cultures of the Mediterranean. In particular, there are written literatures in both Hausa and Arabic, created by the scholars of what is now northern Nigeria , and the Somali people have produced a traditional written literature. Works written in European languages date primarily from the 20th century onward. The literature of South Africa in English and Afrikaans is also covered in a separate article, South African literature. See also African theatre.

April African historiography has been following divisions, schemes, and sequences set by the Europeans who in the past claimed that there was no such thing as African history and that the history of Africa began with the history of the Europeans in Africa. With this mind-set, in creating what they called African History, the early Eurocentric historians periodized it in sequences as they thought fit and proper. Thus, periodization in African history tended to focus on events that coincided with the intrusive European explorers rather than events antedating them. The structure of African historiography had more to do with the beginning of the transatlantic slave trade than with African experiences. African history should be periodized in such a way that the multiple fragments of her past, cultures, languages, religions, philosophies, cosmology, arts, aesthetics, music, dance, warfare, architectures, farming, astrology, rituals, navigation, crafts, industries, etc.

The latter expression, however, is somewhat vague, since it also describes people of dual ethnic parentage in African societies. The northern border of West Africa is the Sahara Desert The Atlantic Ocean makes up the western and southern borders The eastern edge is made up of mountains. A must reading for those interested in the African origins of mathematics. Most of Africa presents a curious case in which societies moved directly from a technology of stone to iron without passing through the intermediate stage of copper or bronze metallurgy, although some early copper-working sites have been found in West Africa. Some analysts have taken the earlier dates as evidence that. In other instances Africans had given their children pagan names which glorified pagan deities before they converted to Christianity and given the understanding of the importance of names in both societies.

African Historiography and the Challenges of European Periodization: A Historical Comment

The former three countries have followed different but somewhat similar political trajectories, experimenting at some point with one-party, centralized political systems. Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania also share a common colonial background, their people straddle common borders, and they shared common services from the colonial period until , when the East African Economic Community collapsed. The countries in revived the East African Community and expanded it to include Burundi and Rwanda. A political federation is expected to be established in Although Uganda has had a troubled political trajectory, with coups and a military dictatorship especially under Idi Amin Dada between and , Kenya and Tanzania have been relatively stable, albeit of course with political problems of their own. Poor and despotic leadership, corruption, and electoral malpractice, among other political problems, have been common maladies in the three countries.

African literature

Metrics details. Africa is often seen as a continent of mass migration and displacement caused by poverty, violent conflict and environmental stress. Yet such perceptions are based on stereotypes rather than theoretically informed empirical research. This may be related to state formation and the related imposition of barriers towards free movement in the wake of decolonisation as well as the concomitant rise of nationalism and inter-state tensions. While African migration remains overwhelmingly intra-continental, since the late s there has been an acceleration and spatial diversification beyond colonial patterns of emigration out of Africa to Europe, North America, the Gulf and Asia.

April

African literature

See also African languages ; South African literature. Oral literature, including stories, dramas, riddles, histories, myths, songs, proverbs, and other expressions, is frequently employed to educate and entertain children. Oral histories, myths, and proverbs additionally serve to remind whole communities of their ancestors' heroic deeds, their past, and the precedents for their customs and traditions. Essential to oral literature is a concern for presentation and oratory. Folktale tellers use call-response techniques. A griot praise singer will accompany a narrative with music.

Beyond health risks, the COVID shock to African economies is coming in three waves: i lower trade and investment from China in the immediate term; ii a demand slump associated with the lockdowns in the European Union and OECD countries; and iii a continental supply shock affecting domestic and intra-African trade. It is shaking commodity-driven growth models that had largely failed to create more and better jobs or improve well-being. On the health front, greater capacities to test, protect, treat and cure are essential. On the socio-economic front, policy measures should cushion income and jobs losses, while tackling the specific challenges of high informality. Beyond the immediate response, recovery strategies should include a strong structural component to reduce dependence on external financial flows and global markets, and develop more value-adding, knowledge-intensive and industrialised economies, underpinned by a more competitive and efficient services sector. In the immediate term , with the support of the international community, African governments should concentrate efforts on preventing the spread of the virus, invest in preparedness and early-detection mechanisms, and deploy emergency relief measures, notably in highly informal sectors. In order to alleviate the immediate healthcare crisis, OECD and other major producers of medical products should refrain from export bans and other trade policies that fragment production and increase the costs of essential supplies for import-dependent countries.


Thus we routinely divide African literature by region (West Africa, East Africa, North. Africa difference, a difference that then forms the basis of judgements of inferiority and African nation came and continue to come under attack by African.


African literature

African literature is literature of or from Africa and includes oral literature or " orature ", in the term coined by Ugandan scholar Pio Zirimu. As George Joseph notes in his chapter on African literature in Understanding Contemporary Africa , whereas European views of literature often stressed a separation of art and content, African awareness is inclusive:. Rather than write or sing for beauty in itself, African writers, taking their cue from oral literature, use beauty to help communicate important truths and information to society.

We investigate the role of deeply-rooted pre-colonial ethnic institutions in shaping comparative regional development within African countries. We combine information on the spatial distribution of ethnicities before colonization with regional variation in contemporary economic performance, as proxied by satellite images of light density at night.

Metrics details. Neonatal hypothermia is a global health problem and a major factor for neonatal morbidity and mortality, especially in low and middle-income countries. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the prevalence of neonatal hypothermia and its associated factors in Eastern Africa.

African literature is literature of or from Africa and includes oral literature or " orature ", in the term coined by Ugandan scholar Pio Zirimu.

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1 Comments

  1. Freddie O.

    With the awarding of the Nobel Prize for Literature to Wole Soyinka of Nigeria in , Perspectives such as these emanate from African literature's location in the Western process, as follows: in the first moment, "the difference between human In Africa, the borders of contemporary nation states were drawn by and.

    02.01.2021 at 03:41 Reply

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