Jacques Derrida Structure Sign And Play Pdf Online
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- Jacques Derrida: ‘Structure, Sign, and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences’
- Jacques Derrida
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- Derrida’s “Structure, Sign, and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences” Dissection, Part I
Yesterday I started trying to record a "Close Reading" on the Derrida essay we read for the podcast , and I just couldn't get more than a few sentences into it before losing patience, so I thought I'd either as a substitution for that effort or possibly a warm-up do a few posts dissecting the essay here. I want this to be group effort, so you folks should comment here to help out my interpretations. Perhaps something has occurred in the history of the concept of structure that could be called an "event," if this loaded word did not entail a meaning which it is precisely the function of structural-or structuralist-thought to reduce or to suspect. But let me use the term "event" anyway, employing it with caution and as if in quotation marks.
Jacques Derrida: ‘Structure, Sign, and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences’
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The first impulse a reader is likely to have upon starting to read chapter 10 is to close the book in dismay and disgust. The sentences appear to become increasingly entangled, to lead nowhere, and ultimately to add up to nothing. My own comments are presented as questions or are in parenthesis. His focus is directed inward, at the workings of our minds, away from the objects our minds are supposed to interpret. The quote already prepares the reader for a self-conscious, torturously abstract reading.
Play is the disruption of presence. The presence of an element is always a signifying and substitutive reference inscribed in a system of differences and the movement of a chain. Play is always play of absence and presence, but if it is to be thought radically, play must be conceived of before the alternative of presence and absence SSP But it does this from within the framework of the newer ways of thinking, which involve diverse attempts to understand the generation of knowledge according to a broadly structuralist matrix, against the classical point of view. Derrida, still ostensibly within this frame, then puts the frame itself structuralism into a further frame that includes the classical way of thinking too, so that structuralism should now be seen as an event, according to its own laws, in a wider structure, the history of metaphysics, which it had, in several well publicised accounts, claimed to have surpassed.
Structure, Sign, and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences French : La structure, le signe et le jeu dans le discours des sciences humaines was a lecture presented at Johns Hopkins University on 21 October by philosopher Jacques Derrida. Although presented at a conference intended to popularize structuralism, the lecture is widely cited as the starting point for post-structuralism in the United States. Along with Derrida's longer text Of Grammatology , it is also programmatic for the process of deconstruction. Many attendees came from France, and spoke French during the event; French lectures were translated into English and distributed in print. Lacan was one of the few French attendees to lecture in English; Lacan makes a point of this gesture at the beginning of the lecture, titled "Of Structure as the Inmixing of an Otherness Prerequisite to Any Subject Whatever". Derrida is dealing with structural ism , a type of analysis which understands individual elements of language and culture as embedded in larger structures. The archetypal examples of structuralism come from Ferdinand de Saussure , who argued that phonemes gain 'linguistic value' through their relations with each other.
It became widespread also in legal studies, especially through the Critical Legal Studies movement in the United States and their equivalents in the UK — movements that were also indebted to actualized versions of Marxism and concerned with the demands of subaltern groups such as women, ethnical minorities and LGBT. It has, therefore, some degree of institutional reception in those fields. Against that hypothesis, we would argue, first, that, as some in our opinion, more rigorous readers of Derrida have argued cf. This relation between foundation, conservation, and finally destruction is, as we shall see, where the complex relations between law and violence are brought forward to show their paradoxical nature. It does feature justice as impossible, but not as simply so.
Пора. Она должна немедленно поговорить со Стратмором. Сьюзан осторожно приоткрыла дверь и посмотрела на глянцевую, почти зеркальную стену шифровалки. Узнать, следит ли за ней Хейл, было невозможно. Нужно быстро пройти в кабинет Стратмора, но, конечно, не чересчур быстро: Хейл не должен ничего заподозрить.
Ничего серьезного, - ответила Сьюзан, хотя вовсе не была в этом уверена.
Derrida’s “Structure, Sign, and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences” Dissection, Part I
- Я полагаю, у этого алгоритма меняющийся открытый текст. Сьюзан затаила дыхание. Первое упоминание о меняющемся открытом тексте впервые появилось в забытом докладе венгерского математика Джозефа Харне, сделанном в 1987 году. Ввиду того что компьютеры, действующие по принципу грубой силы, отыскивают шифр путем изучения открытого текста на предмет наличия в нем узнаваемых словосочетаний, Харне предложил шифровальный алгоритм, который, помимо шифрования, постоянно видоизменял открытый текст. Теоретически постоянная мутация такого рода должна привести к тому, что компьютер, атакующий шифр, никогда не найдет узнаваемое словосочетание и не поймет, нашел ли он искомый ключ.
Все еще темно? - спросила Мидж. Но Бринкерхофф не ответил, лишившись дара речи. То, что он увидел, невозможно было себе представить. Стеклянный купол словно наполнился то и дело вспыхивающими огнями и бурлящими клубами пара. Бринкерхофф стоял точно завороженный и, не в силах унять дрожь, стукался лбом о стекло. Затем, охваченный паникой, помчался к двери. - Директор.