File Name: islam and revolution khomeini .zip
Islam and the Post-Revolutionary State in Iran
He was born in in Khomeyn, in what is now Iran's Markazi Province. He began studying the Quran and the Persian language from a young age and was assisted in his religious studies by his relatives, including his mother's cousin and older brother. Ayatullah Khomeini was a Marja "source of emulation" in Twelver Shia Islam, as a high ranking mujtahid and expert in Islamic law and authored more than 40 books. The International Day of Quds is commemorated throughout the world since on the call of Imam Khomeini [ra] after the success of Islamic Revolution in Iran. This presentation talks about the blessings that Allah bestowed upon Imam Khomeini; and the lessons that we can learn from that.
These groups, which included clergy, landowners, intellectuals , and merchants, had previously come together in the Constitutional Revolution of — Efforts toward satisfactory reform were continually stifled, however, amid reemerging social tensions as well as foreign intervention from Russia , the United Kingdom , and, later, the United States. Along with Russia, the U. Years later, Mohammad Reza Shah dismissed the parliament and launched the White Revolution —an aggressive modernization program that upended the wealth and influence of landowners and clerics, disrupted rural economies, led to rapid urbanization and Westernization , and prompted concerns over democracy and human rights. The program was economically successful, but the benefits were not distributed evenly, though the transformative effects on social norms and institutions were widely felt. Social and political protest was often met with censorship, surveillance, or harassment, and illegal detention and torture were common.
A massive amount of scholarship has been produced in Iran about him; this is not the case, however, in the English-speaking world. This publication by a collection of eminent scholars of Iranian studies, therefore, examines the critical impact of his political thought and religious philosophy within and beyond Iran. No commercial reproduction is allowed without the express permission of the publisher. Quick jump to page content. Home Archives Vol. Ebrahimian, M.
islam-and-revolution-i-writings-and-declarations-of-imam-khomeini 1/ Downloaded from aidshealing.org on. February 18, by guest.
And the egalitarian economics Khomeini preaches is unhappily sketchy — he is good in his criticism of the rapacious regime of the Shah but not as good when it comes to suggesting real solutions to the problems of the Iranian people. Indeed, it is here — in checks on clerical power, in economic development — that Western readers will see the failure of the revolution. But there is a lot here to be hopeful about. Khomeini is surprisingly inclusive; at every turn he rejects sectarian conflict and tries to include Sunnis and even Jews and Christians!
Support for militarised dissidents in the Islamic world is both an ideological and a constitutional commitment. The ideology of the Islamic Revolution bolstered Islamist groups and set an example that power through force was possible. Western foreign policy towards Iran has consistently overlooked the power of the ideology born in the revolution. The totalitarian and divisive worldview legitimised by state leaders, which promotes repressive governance on religious lines and hostility to the West, has been a driving force of instability and violence for decades.
The first volume covers the years to , and was compiled and translated from Persian by Hamid Algar. Pages 25 to are devoted to Islamic Government Hokumat-e Islami: Velayat-e faqih , Khomeini's treatise on how government should be run in accordance with traditional Islamic sharia , and that this will require a leading Islamic jurist faqih to provide political "guardianship" wilayat or velayat over the people. The book also contains Lectures on "the Supreme Jihad" and Surat al-Fatiha, and speeches and declarations. Khomeini's writings reflect a belief in a theocracy , in which the government should be dictated by Islam. He believes that outside " imperialists ".
Невероятно! - воскликнул он и снова швырнул трубку. - Шифровалка вот-вот взорвется, а Стратмор не отвечает на звонки. ГЛАВА 98 Халохот выбежал из святилища кардинала Хуэрры на слепящее утреннее солнце. Прикрыв рукой глаза, он выругался и встал возле собора в маленьком дворике, образованном высокой каменной стеной, западной стороной башни Гиральда и забором из кованого железа.
Он узнал также и о том, что его заместитель просиживает на службе до глубокой ночи и может не выдержать такого напряжения. Несмотря на разногласия со Стратмором по многим вопросам, Фонтейн всегда очень высоко его ценил. Стратмор был блестящим специалистом, возможно, лучшим в агентстве. И в то же время после провала с Попрыгунчиком Стратмор испытывал колоссальный стресс. Это беспокоило Фонтейна: к коммандеру сходится множество нитей в агентстве, а директору нужно оберегать свое ведомство. Фонтейну нужен был кто-то способный наблюдать за Стратмором, следить, чтобы он не потерял почву под ногами и оставался абсолютно надежным, но это было не так-то. Стратмор - человек гордый и властный, наблюдение за ним следует организовать так, чтобы никоим образом не подорвать его авторитета.