parental leave and child health across oecd countries pdf

Parental Leave And Child Health Across Oecd Countries Pdf

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Parental leave , or family leave , is an employee benefit available in almost all countries. Often, the minimum benefits and eligibility requirements are stipulated by law. Unpaid parental or family leave is provided when an employer is required to hold an employee's job while that employee is taking leave.

American families are changing. More children live with two working parents or a single working parent.

Paid parental leave and family wellbeing in the sustainable development era

To understand the relationship between parental leave and child health better, this study examines the aggregate effects of parental leave policies on child health outcomes using data from 18 OECD countries 1 from — This study explores the effects of other social policies related to families and young children, such as public expenditures on family cash benefits, family allowances, and family services per child, on child health outcomes.

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Abstract To understand the relationship between parental leave and child health better, this study examines the aggregate effects of parental leave policies on child health outcomes using data from 18 OECD countries 1 from — Issue Section:. You do not currently have access to this article. Download all slides. Sign in Don't already have an Oxford Academic account? You could not be signed in. Sign In Forgot password? Don't have an account? Royal Economic Society members Sign in via society site.

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Parental leave

Metrics details. The Sustainable development goals SDGs have the potential to have a significant impact on maternal and child health through their commitments both to directly addressing health services and to improving factors that form the foundation of social determinants of health. One particular policy that could advance a range of SDGs and importantly improve maternal and infant health is paid parental leave. In addition, this article presents global data on the prevalence of policies in all UN Member States. A review of the literature finds that paid parental leave may support improvements across a range of SDG outcomes relevant to maternal and child health.


To understand the relationship between parental leave and child health better, this study examines the aggregate effects of parental leave.


Are the world's richest countries family friendly?

Download PDF. When these families experience a major life event, such as having a baby or taking care of a family member with a serious illness, their already fragile financial situation can be further jeopardized. With recent social and demographic shifts — including the increased participation of women in the labor force and the aging of the population — balancing work obligations with family responsibilities has become more and more challenging for all families.

Family-friendly policies matter because they help children to get a better start in life and help parents to find the right balance between their commitments at work and at home. This report focuses on two key policies: childcare leave for parents and early childhood education and care for preschool children. It reviews these policies in the 41 high- and middle-income countries that are part of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development OECD or the European Union EU , using the most recent comparable data on hand. The analysis includes national breastfeeding rates and policies as well as the quality of preschool education, where comparable indicators are available.

Maternity leave reduces neonatal and infant mortality rates in high-income countries. However, the impact of maternity leave on infant health has not been rigorously evaluated in low- and middle-income countries LMICs. In this study, we utilized a difference-in-differences approach to evaluate whether paid maternity leave policies affect infant mortality in LMICs. We used birth history data collected via the Demographic and Health Surveys to assemble a panel of approximately , live births in 20 countries from to ; these observational data were merged with longitudinal information on the duration of paid maternity leave provided by each country.

Background

This topic aims to provide a better understanding of the various issues surrounding parental leave policies and their effects on families and child development. Maternity and parental leave policies date back more than years and are now established policy instruments in over nations. Until recently, much of the research in this area has focussed primarily on use patterns and the economic consequences of leave policies. Affordable, high-quality care for young children and flexible workplace practices are critical contextual factors. Our review of the empirical literature brought to light various methodological and conceptual problems:. Over the past 20 years, research on child development has revealed a rich and multi-layered ecology of influences.

Наверху, на экране ВР, возникла первая из пяти защитных стен. Черные атакующие линии начали исчезать. - Происходит восстановление! - кричал Джабба.  - Все становится на свои места. Какой-то миг еще ощущались сомнения, казалось, что в любую секунду все снова начнет разваливаться на части.

Появилась вторая пара, с детьми, и шумно приветствовала соседей. Они болтали, смеялись и троекратно целовали друг друга в щеки. Затем подошла еще одна группа, и жертва окончательно исчезла из поля зрения Халохота. Кипя от злости, тот нырнул в стремительно уплотняющуюся толпу. Он должен настичь Дэвида Беккера. Халохот отчаянно пытался протиснуться к концу улочки, но внезапно почувствовал, что тонет в этом море человеческих тел.

Paid Leave in the States: A Critical Support for Low-wage Workers and Their Families

Если повезет, он успеет вернуться и все же съездить с Сьюзан в их любимый Стоун-Мэнор.

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