File Name: bassam tibi islamism and islam .zip
- ‘Islamofascism’: Four Competing Discourses on the Islamism-Fascism Comparison
- Islamist Parties and Democracy: Going Back to the Origins
- Soundings: An Interdisciplinary Journal
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The goal is to explore the multifarious debates around Islamism, highlighting the views of proponents and antagonists alike. Islamism takes many forms. It is a complex, multi-faceted and protean ideology. In just the same way as other ideological movements — such as communism — presented in a variety of ways, determined by context, the personalities involved and ideological outlook, so the same is true of Islamism.
‘Islamofascism’: Four Competing Discourses on the Islamism-Fascism Comparison
Until recently, the very idea of an Islamist political party would have appeared a contradiction in terms. But how much does the modern Islamist party represent a departure from traditional Islamism versus a tactical retreat in the face of powerful secularist regimes? It is easy for Islamists to accept the democratic principle of majority rule when it results in their being elected to power. But the experience of Pakistan warns us that…. Political Islam is often cited as the key challenge to democratization in Muslim nations, but deep currents of authoritarianism may prove more of an obstacle.
Islamist Parties and Democracy: Going Back to the Origins
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Islam portal. Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts. It is commonly used interchangeably with the terms such as political Islam or Islamic fundamentalism , giving this term more than one sense and referring to different concepts. In the Muslim world, the term has positive connotations among its proponents. Different currents of Islamist thought include advocating a "revolutionary" strategy of Islamizing society through exercise of state power, and alternately a "reformist" strategy to re-Islamizing society through grass-roots social and political activism. Graham Fuller has argued for a broader notion of Islamism as a form of identity politics , involving "support for [Muslim] identity, authenticity, broader regionalism, revivalism, [and] revitalization of the community. The term Islamism , which originally denoted the religion of Islam, first appeared in the English language as Islamismus in , and as Islamism in
Soundings: An Interdisciplinary Journal
How to make sense of the globalized forms of violent militancy and of politics that have been generated by Islamism in recent years? The books reviewed here all seek to uncover the general trends underpinning this phenomenon and to explain its implications for Muslim communities, the Muslim world, and the international system. Approaching this issue from different angles—security studies, sociology, religious studies, postcolonial studies—they all seek to dispel some of the misunderstandings regarding the contemporary dynamics of Islamism. These efforts are in themselves worthy of praise in a policy and academic environment where crude over-generalizations about political Islam remain a common occurrence. However it must be said that some of these books only very partially succeed in this task.
This article operates on the distinction between Islamism and Islam and asks questions about how this is handled in Western studies. Islam is a religion and a civilization that deserves respect, while Islamism is a political ideology to be subjected to critical inquiry. The article is based on the enlightened Muslim thought that dissociates Islamic faith from its use as a legitimation in politics. The article shares also the dismissal of orientalism and Islamophobia, but it is critical of the instrumental use of both to silence criticism, as well as their reversal into the other extreme of an orientalism in reverse Islamophilia. I argue that the prevailing analysis in Western scholarship on Islam not only ignores the distinction between Islamism and Islam but also falls into the trap of this reversal.