Line And Staff Organization Advantages And Disadvantages Pdf
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An organizational structure is the method that an organization employs to delineate lines of communication, policies, authority and responsibilities. It determines the extent and nature of how leadership is disseminated throughout the organization as well as the method by which information flows. Organizations commonly adapt either a flat or hierarchical structure. A flat organization refers to an organization structure with few or no levels of management between management and staff level employees. The flat organization supervises employees less while promoting their increased involvement in the decision-making process.
Advantages of Line and Staff Organisation
Organizational structure involves, in addition to task organizational boundary considerations, the designation of jobs within an organization and the relationships among those jobs. There are numerous ways to structure jobs within an organization, but two of the most basic forms include simple line structures and line-and-staff structures. In a line organization, top management has complete control, and the chain of command is clear and simple. Examples of line organizations are small businesses in which the top manager, often the owner, is positioned at the top of the organizational structure and has clear "lines" of distinction between him and his subordinates. The line-and-staff organization combines the line organization with staff departments that support and advise line departments. Most medium and large-sized firms exhibit line-and-staff organizational structures.
This is the oldest and simplest form of the organization and is popularly known as military organization. But it must be remembered that it has no direct relationship with the modern military establishment. Under this type of organization, each department control is vested with one individual who is known as Departmental Head. All the departmental heads are responsible to their immediate superior i. General Manager.
Line and Staff Organization
Specialisation: The staff officers concentrate mainly on the planning function and the line officers on the "doing" function. By this method, specialisation is attained. Flexibility: Staff can be added to the line and new activities may be introduced without disturbing the line procedure. Hence, there is greater flexibility in the organisation. Expert Advice: The staff officers provide expert advice and guidance to line officers and by this, the enterprise as a whole gets benefit. Sound Decisions: In this type, the decisions are made by experts and hence, there is a possibility of making sound managerial decisions. Relief to Line Executives: The Staff officers look after the detailed analysis of each important managerial activity which is a big relief to the line officers.
A staff function is an alternate function of people that do not partake instantly in an activity as they help the line functions to reach their targets. The business world is changing very rapidly and each day new kind of issues and problems crop up. It requires specialised input to deal with these changing conditions. It requires specialists to be available who can provide appropriate business solutions. This is the benefit of the "staff function".
Read this article to learn about the types, functions, advantages and conflicts of line and staff organisation. Personal staff is attached to individual line officers. The Personal Assistant or the Private Secretary etc. These persons help their bosses in every possible way. The routine work of line officers is mostly handled by the personal staff. They fix routine meetings, open the post, maintain diaries and accompany the boss on official visits.
PDF | In the paper we discussed the fact that the dichotomous concepts of modern organizations exist in reality. We are focused on line and.
Line and staff organization is a modification of line organization and it is more complex than line organization. According to this administrative organization, specialized and supportive activities are attached to the line of command by appointing staff supervisors and staff specialists who are attached to the line authority. The power of command always remains with the line executives and staff supervisors guide, advice and council the line executives.
The formal organisation in usually delineated by an organisational chart and job descriptions. The different organisational structures described above have their own advantages and disadvantages.